New Socio-Political Vocabulary in Internet-Communication: Structure and Functioning

© The Editorial Council and Editorial Board of Linguistic Studies

Linguistic Studies
Volume 40(1), 2020, pp. 
153-165

New Socio-Political Vocabulary in Internet-Communication: Structure and Functioning

Kostiuk Yuliia

Article first published online: December 01, 2020 


Additional information

 Author Information: 

Kostiuk Yuliia, PhD student at Department of the Ukrainian Language and Teaching Methods, Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University. Correspondence: yuliia.kostiuk@tnpu.edu.ua

Citation: 
Kostiuk, Yu. New Socio-Political Vocabulary in Internet-Communication: Structure and Functioning [Text] // Linhvistychni Studiyi / Linguistic Studies : collection of scientific papers / Vasyl' Stus 
Donetsk National University; Ed. by Anatoliy Zahnitko. Vinnytsia : Vasyl' Stus DonNU, 2020. Vol. 40(1). Pp. 153-165. ISBN 966-7277-88-7

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31558/1815-3070.2020.40.1.13

Publication History:

Volume first published online: December 01, 2020
Article received: July 01, 2020, accepted: August 01, 2020 and first published online: December 01, 2020

Annotation.

У статті проаналізовано особливості структури і функціювання суспільно-політичної неолексики в інтернет-комунікації на матеріалі інтернет-видання «Тиждень» і соціальної мережі «Твіттер». Визначено вплив глобальних і локальних факторів на українську інтернет-комунікацію у 2014–2019 рр., виділено продуктивні способи творення складних номінацій, описано параметри функціювання суспільно-політичних композитів, юкстапозитів, абревіатур і контамінатів у різних типах інтернет-комунікації.

Keywords: new socio-political vocabulary, internet communication, Ukrainian language, hy¬brid warfare, compounding, abbreviation, blending, Twitter.



Abstract.

New Socio-Political Vocabulary in Internet-Communication: Structure and Functioning

Yuliia Kostiuk

Department of the Ukrainian Language and Teaching Methods, Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University, Ternopil, Ukraine

Abstract

Background: Recent research provides profound evidence that technologies have become a powerful instrument to interfere in democratic processes and influence their results. Since Ukrainian online and social media are amongst Russian hybrid aggression targets, language used for discussing politics and ideological position is permanently reinforced with new lexical units.

Purpose: The paper aims to analyze new socio-political vocabulary derivational peculiarities and its functioning in Ukrainian internet communication during 2014–2019.

Results: During the examined period, Ukrainian internet communication specifics was deeply rooted into social and political life. Euromaidan (addressed as a social media protest), the outbreak of Russian hybrid aggression which filled online space with fake news and propaganda, uncertainty caused by election in 2019 are the external factors that created a lingual demand for expressive units. Bunch of socio-political neologisms has been used for labelling, irony and sarcasm, etc.

Comparing Ukrainian online media (Tyzhden) and social media (Twitter), we observed domi­nation of compounding which allow to combine figurativeness of two and more stems. Compounds with jargon or pejorative components are considerably more common on Twitter than in online me­dia, and they sometimes demonstrate the properties of hate speech. Participant of internet communi­cation also add evaluative component to abbreviations, playing with units’ semantics or using assonant assosiations. Blends constitute a large part of new vocabulary, merging names of politicians, self-proclaimed states or social phenomena with slang or even obscene language.

Discussion: Conducted analysis provides a basis for further investigation of new socio-political vocabulary as an instrument of hybrid warfare and role of Russkiy mir ideology in Ukrainian society polarization.

Keywords: new socio-political vocabulary, internet communication, Ukrainian language, hy­brid warfare, compounding, abbreviation, blending, Twitter.

Vitae

Yuliia Kostiuk is a PhD student at Department of the Ukrainian Language and Teaching Methods, Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University. Specialization: 035 Phi­lolo­gy. Her areas of research interest include socio-political vocabulary and language in in­ternet com­munication.

Correspondence: yuliia.kostiuk@tnpu.edu.ua

Vitae

Anatoliy P. Zahnitko, Doctor of Philology, Professor, Head of Department of Ukrainian Language and Applied Linguistics in Donetsk National University. His areas of research interests include functional linguistics, cognitive linguistics, comparative linguistics, categorical linguistics, lexicographic linguistics, and text linguistics.

Article.

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