The Realization Peculiarities of Syntactic Idioms Models in Bohdan Lepkyi’s Works

© The Editorial Council and Editorial Board of Linguistic Studies

Linguistic Studies
Volume 40(1), 2020, pp. 
64-80

The Realization Peculiarities of Syntactic Idioms Models in Bohdan Lepkyi’s Works

Sytar Hanna

Article first published online: December 01, 2020 


Additional information

 Author Information: 

Sytar Hanna, Doctor of Philology, Professor, Head of Department of Ukrainian Language and Applied Linguistics in Donetsk National University. Correspondence: h.v.sytar@donnu.edu.ua

Citation: 
Sytar, H. The Realization Peculiarities of Syntactic Idioms Models in Bohdan Lepkyi’s Works [Text] // Linhvistychni Studiyi / Linguistic Studies : collection of scientific papers / Vasyl' Stus 
Donetsk National University; Ed. by Anatoliy Zahnitko. Vinnytsia : Vasyl' Stus DonNU, 2020. Vol. 40(1). Pp. 64-80. ISBN 966-7277-88-7

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31558/1815-3070.2020.40.1.5

Publication History:

Volume first published online: December 01, 2020
Article received: July 01, 2020, accepted: August 01, 2020 and first published online: December 01, 2020

Annotation.

Статтю присвячено розгляду фразеологізованих речень у творах Богдана Лепкого. Ви-ділено моделі фразеологізованих речень у прозі письменника; установлено їх семантику; визначено абсолютну частоту вживання з урахуванням розмежування з омонімічними не-фразеологізованими реченнями. Дослідження виконано на матеріалі корпусу текстів Богдана Лепкого.

Синтаксичні фразеологізми у прозових текстах письменника є яскравими засобами експресивного синтаксису, за допомогою яких автор передає оцінне, модальне, заперечне або акцентувальне значення. Він використовує 18 моделей синтаксичних фразеологізмів, з поміж яких найбільш продуктивними виявилися Який (уже/вже/же/ж) N1 Copf, Як (же/тут) (N3) не Inf / Advpraed, Не до N2 Copf (N3), Що (ж/це/то) за N1 Copf і Який там N1 Copf. Переважають речення з двочленним стрижневим компонентом. 

Синтаксичні фразеологізми є багатофункційними одиницями, у текстах Богда-на Лепкого вони виконують експресивну, фатичну, коректувальну й аргументативну функції

Keywords: Bohdan Lepkyi, text corpus, linguistic personality, model of sentence, pragmatics, semantics, sentence with phraseological structure, syntax, syntactic idiom, phraseology.



Abstract.

THE REALIZATION PECULIARITIES OF SYNTACTIC IDIOMS MODELS IN BOHDAN LEPKYI'S WORKS

Hanna Sytar

Department of General and Applied Linguistics and Slavonic Philology, Vasyl' Stus Donetsk National University, Vinnytsia, Ukraine

Abstract

Background: The article is devoted to the analysis of syntactic idioms in the prose texts of the outstanding Ukrainian writer Bohdan Lepkyi. The study was performed within the fundamental re­search project "Objective and subjective linguistic-social grammar: communicative-cognitive and pragmatic-linguocomputer dimensions” (0118U003137) Vasyl Stus Donetsk National University of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine on the material of the writer's text corpus (http://corpora.donnu.edu.ua/bonito/run.cgi/corp_info?corpname=kitaeva).

Purpose: The purpose of the research is to reveal the realization peculiarities of syntactic idi­oms models in Bohdan Lepkyi's works.

Results: Syntactic idioms in the writer's prose texts are the bright instrument of expressive syntax, by which the author conveys evaluative, modal, negative, or accentual meaning. Bohdan Lepkyi uses 18 syntactic idioms models, the most productive are: Який (уже/вже/же/ж) N1 Copf, Як (же/тут) (N3не Inf / AdvpraedНе до N2 Cop(N3), Що (ж/це/тоза NCopf і Який там NCopf. Some models are represented by single examples: До чого NCopf Adj1, От (N3) NCopf і Чому б (N3не Inf. If we talk about the number of components, the models with a two-part core dominate, if we talk about the part-of-speech core component status, the models with compound par­ticles rules.

 As multifunctional items, the syntactic idioms in Bohdan Lepkyi's texts perform expressive, phatic, corrective, and argumentative functions.

Discussion: The diversity in morphological content, in the number of components within the core, in the realized semantics and functions of syntactic idioms is evidence of the richness of Bohdan Lepkyi's syntax and connection with colloquial speech. At the same time, the selectivity of the syn­tactic idioms models usage (18 of 105 possible models) makes it possible to classify them as syntactic markers of personality speech.

The feature of Bohdan Lepkyi's speech is the stringing of syntactic idioms, built on one or different structural schemes.

The prospects for further research are to pick out other identifiers of individual speech at the syntactic level.

Keywords: Bohdan Lepkyi, text corpus, linguistic personality, model of sentence, pragmatics, semantics, sentence with phraseological structure, syntax, syntactic idiom, phraseology.

Vitae

Hanna Sytar is Doctor of Philology, Associate Professor, Professor of Department of General and Applied Linguistics and Slavonic Philology at Vasyl' Stus Donetsk National University. Her areas of research interests include syntax, semantics, pragmatics, construction grammar, applied lin­guistics.

Correspondence: h.v.sytar@donnu.edu.ua


Article.

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List of Sources

Text Сorpus by Bohdan Lepkyi / Compiler: Vika Kitaieva. URL: http://corpo­ra.donnu.edu.ua/bonito/run.cgi/corp_info?corpname=kitaeva Web. 1 Aug. 2020.