Telescopic Neologisms of Modern English: Structure and Semantics

© The Editorial Council and Editorial Board of Linguistic Studies

Linguistic Studies
Volume 40(2), 2020, pp. 
33-41

Telescopic Neologisms of Modern English: Structure and Semantics

Vorobiova Oksana, Lazebnyk Anhelina

Article first published online: December 01, 2020 


Additional information

 Author Information: 

Vorobiova Oksana, Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor, Head of Germanic Philology and Translation Department at National University “Yuri Kondratyuk Poltava Polytechnic”. Correspondence: vorobyovaoksana27@gmail.com

Lazebnyk Anhelina, Bachelor’s student of Germanic Philology and Translation Department at National University “Yuri Kondratyuk Poltava Polytechnic”. Correspondence: lazebnik.apple@icloud.com

Citation: 
Vorobiova, O., Lazebnyk, A. Telescopic Neologisms of Modern English: Structure and Semantics [Text] // Linhvistychni Studiyi / Linguistic Studies : collection of scientific papers / Vasyl' Stus 
Donetsk National University; Ed. by Anatoliy Zahnitko. Vinnytsia : Vasyl' Stus DonNU, 2020. Vol. 40(2). Pp. 33-41. ISBN 966-7277-88-7

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31558/1815-3070.2020.40.2.4

Publication History:

Volume first published online: December 01, 2020
Article received: July 01, 2020, accepted: August 01, 2020 and first published online: December 01, 2020

Annotation.

Досліджено структурні та семантичні особливості неологізмів сучасної англійської мови, утворених за допомогою телескопії як особливого різновиду компресивного словотвору; виділено основні структурні типи, підтипи й структурні моделі телескопічних неологізмів; складено семантичну класифікацію телескопічних лексем, що розглядаються, з огляду на їхню частиномовну приналежність; проілюстровано зазначені структурні та семантичні типи, визначено їхню продуктивність; доведено наявність чіткої кореляції між «гібридною» струк¬турою та «гібридною» семантикою досліджуваних лексем.

Keywords: compressive word formation, telescopy, telescopism, telescopic neologism, structural / semantic “hybridity”.



Abstract.

TELESCOPIC NEOLOGISMS OF MODERN ENGLISH: STRUCTURE AND SEMANTICS

Oksana Vorobiova

Germanic Philology and Translation Department, National University “Yuri Kondratyuk Poltava Polytechnic”, Poltava, Ukraine.

Anhelina Lazebnyk

Germanic Philology and Translation Department, National University “Yuri Kondratyuk Poltava Polytechnic”, Poltava, Ukraine.

Abstract

Background: The study of neologisms, among the ways of formation of which a special place is given to such a way of word formation, as telescopy (a kind of compressive word formation, which involves the combination of two or more truncated word bases) is engaged in a special section of lexicology – neology, the increased interest to which, especially recently, is due to the important role of neologisms as the so called “mirrors’ of language development. The topicality of the study is accounted for by the need for further, more detailed description of word-forming and semantic peculiarities of modern English neologisms, formed through telescopy as a special kind of compressive word-formation (telescopic neologisms or telescopisms).

Purpose: The purpose of the research presupposes a comprehensive complex study of the tele­scopic neologisms in terms of their structural and semantic features.

Results: As a result of the research, structural types, subtypes and models of the studied telescopic neologisms are established, their productivity being identified – the most productive in quantitative terms appear to be the telescopisms, which are a combination of two truncated bases with the additional imposition of certain fragments at their junction (e. g.: acrobsession (acronym + obsession), slanguist (slang + linguist)).

The analysis of the part-of-speech reference of the units under consideration shows the predominance of telescopic nouns, which, in turn, once again confirms the common belief that the expansion of the vocabulary of the language is mainly due to the names of objects and phenomena (e. g.: Engnet (English + Internet)). However, the units in question are not limited exclusively to substantival telescopisms, and less productive in quantitative terms adjectival (e. g.: tradigital (traditional + digital)) and verbal (e. g.: to jalk (to jog + to walk)) telescopic units also function alongside them.

Discussion: Structural “hybridity of English telescopic neologisms, is correlated with their semantic “hybridity, which, in turn, is manifested through combining the meanings of their immediate constituents.

Keywords: compressive word formation, telescopy, telescopism, telescopic neologism, structural / semantic “hybridity”.

Vitae. Oksana Vorobiova is a Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor, Head of Germanic Philology and Translation Department at National University “Yuri Kondratyuk Poltava Polytechnic”. Her areas of research interests include contrastive linguistics, translation studies, derivational semantics, lexicology, linguocultural studies.

Correspondence: vorobyovaoksana27@gmail.com

Vitae. Anhelina Lazebnyk is a Bachelor’s student of Germanic Philology and Translation Department at National University “Yuri Kondratyuk Poltava Polytechnic”. Her areas of research interests include lexicology, translation studies, contrastive linguistics.

Correspondence: lazebnik.apple@icloud.com


Article.

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