The Motive of Madness as an Integral Part of the Chronotope in the Story “The system of Dr. Tarr and Professor Fether” by E.A. Poe

© The Editorial Council and Editorial Board of Linguistic Studies

Linguistic Studies
Volume 40(2), 2020, pp. 
133-140

The Motive of Madness as an Integral Part of the Chronotope in the Story “The system of Dr. Tarr and Professor Fether” by E.A. Poe

Sherstiuk Nataliia

Article first published online: December 01, 2020 


Additional information

 Author Information: 

Sherstiuk Nataliia, Lecturer of Department of Foreign Languages with Latin Language and Medical Terminology at Ukranian Medical Stomatological Academy. Correspondence: nataliasherstiuk@gmail.com

Citation: 
Sherstiukm N.The Motive of Madness as an Integral Part of the Chronotope in the Story “The system of Dr. Tarr and Professor Fether” by E.A. Poe [Text] // Linhvistychni Studiyi / Linguistic Studies : collection of scientific papers / Vasyl' Stus 
Donetsk National University; Ed. by Anatoliy Zahnitko. Vinnytsia : Vasyl' Stus DonNU, 2020. Vol. 40(2). Pp. 133-140. ISBN 966-7277-88-7

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31558/1815-3070.2020.40.2.15

Publication History:

Volume first published online: December 01, 2020
Article received: July 01, 2020, accepted: August 01, 2020 and first published online: December 01, 2020

Annotation.

У статті розглядається проблема психічних розладів та аналізуються особливості часо¬простору в новелі «Система доктора Смолла і професора Піріа» американського письменника ХІХ століття Едгара Аллана По. Метою статті є ґрунтовний аналіз художнього хроно¬топу як особливого способу впливу на читача та виокремлення особливостей часу і простору в аналізованому творі. Ґрунтовно описується дуальний хронотоп та осмислюється художня реалізація випадків практичної психіатрії. Основним видом хронотопу в «психологічній» новелі є реальний та історичний хронотоп, автор неодноразово акцентує увагу на просто¬рових топосах, зокрема божевільні, що виформовують неповторний авторський стиль.

Keywords: E. Poe, “The System of Doctor Tarr and Professor Fether”, motive, chronotope, time, space, narrative, topos, locus, madness.



Abstract.

MOTIVE OF MADNESS AS AN INTEGRAL FACTOR OF THE CHRONOTOPE IN THE STORY THE SYSTEM OF DOCTOR TARR AND PROFESSOR FETHER BY E.A. POE

Nataliia Sherstiuk

Department of Foreign Languages with Latin and Medical Terminology, Ukranian Medical Stomatological Academy, Poltava, Ukraine.

Abstract

Background: The article deals with the problem of mental disorders and analyzes the spatio-temporal features in the short story by American writer Edgar Allan Poe “The System of Doctor Tarr and Professor Fether”.

Purpose: to provide a detailed analysis of the chronotope as a special way of influencing the reader and highlighting the spatio-temporal features in the short story.

Results: The analysis presented in this article shows the dual chronotope and the artistic reali­zation of cases of practical psychiatry. A real and historical chronotopes are the main part of the psychological short story. A spatial topos forms the unique author’s style. There are no obvious real-time markers in the short story that would reproduce the time of the literary work. The psychological factor is amplified and the signs of personal chronotope are distinguished.

There are motives of play and irrationality which are markers of real space-time and have dual features in the short story. The line between madness and common sense is absent because these ones have connection with each other. The motive “insane mind and healthy consciousness” is important in Edgar Poe’s short stories. Madness is the game’s form: it is the presence of rules, a certain logic and freedom of choice. The short story shows the opposition of the real and the surreal chronotopes, which form the shape of the complex artistic world of literary works. Unreality is projected through the Gothic tradition.

Discussion: Given analysis sheds some light on types of space-time in short story (real, mystical, historical, social). They associate with a deep psychologism, which makes it possible to recreate events and find the right solution to reveal the secret.

Keywords: E. Poe, “The System of Doctor Tarr and Professor Fether”, motive, chronotope, time, space, narrative, topos, locus, madness.

Vitae. Nataliia Sherstiuk is a Lecturer of Department of Foreign Languages with Latin Language and Medical Terminology at Ukranian Medical Stomatological Academy. Her areas of research interests include world literature, literary studies and critics.

Correspondence: nataliasherstiuk@gmail.com


Article.

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