Avoiding Translation Mistakes While Rendering The Names Of «Alien» Emotions Into English: Corpus-Based Methodology

© The Editorial Council and Editorial Board of Linguistic Studies

Linguistic Studies
Volume 41, 2021, pp. 
341-352

Avoiding Translation Mistakes While Rendering The Names Of «Alien» Emotions Into English: Corpus-Based Methodology

Mizin Kostiantyn

Article first published online: May 01, 2021 


Additional information

 Author Information: 

Mizin Kostiantyn, Doctor of Philology, Professor, Head of Department of Foreign Philology, Translation and Teaching Methodology, SHEI “Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi Hryhorii Skovoroda State Pedagogical University”. His areas of research interests include contrastive linguoculturology, phra¬seology, contrastive conceptology, cognitive linguistics, contrastive linguistics. Correspondence: kmizin@i.ua


Citation: 
Mizin, K. Avoiding Translation Mistakes While Rendering The Names Of «Alien» Emotions Into English: Corpus-Based Methodology [Text] // Linhvistychni Studiyi / Linguistic Studies : collection of scientific papers / Vasyl' Stus 
Donetsk National University; Ed. by Anatoliy Zahnitko. Vinnytsia : Vasyl' Stus DonNU, 2021. Vol. 41. Pp. 341-352. ISBN 966-7277-88-7

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31558/1815-3070.2021.41.34

Publication History:

Volume first published online: May 01, 2021
Article received: March 20, 2021, accepted: April 03, 2021 and first published online: May 01, 2021

Annotation.

У пропонованій розвідці апробовано методику, яка дає змогу уникнути перекладацьких помилок при передачі англійською мовою назви специфічного для німецької лінгвокультури емоційного поняття «Torschlusspanik», яке може визначатися в англійській мові лексемами angst, fear, anxiety та panic (найпоширеніший випадок – fear; angst і panic перебувають на межі статистичної похибки). Однак за допомогою опрацьованої методики встановлено, що це поняття має передаватися-описуватися не лексемою fear, як це простежується нині чи не у більшості випадків, а anxiety, оскільки саме остання може викликати у представників англійськомовних лінгвокультур найадекватніше уявлення про той панічний, тривожний, ме-тафізичний вид страху, який криється за німецькою композитою Torschlusspanik.

Keywords: translation, translation mistake, emotion, emotional notion, corpus-based method­ology.



Abstract.

AVOIDING TRANSLATION MISTAKES WHILE RENDERING THE NAMES OF «ALIEN» EMOTIONS INTO ENGLISH: corpus-based methodology

Kostiantyn Mizin

Head of Department of Foreign Philology, Translation and Teaching Methodology, SHEI «Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi Hryhorii Skovoroda State Pedagogical University», Pereiaslav, Ukraine

Abstract

Background: Regarding the difficulties a translator confronts with while rendering emotions, one should mention at least three cases when a translator needs to reinforce the correctness of the choice as to a counterpart (an equivalent word) of the target language by means of scientifically valid conclusions: 1) if there are doubts as to accuracy of the lexical counterpart in the target language that denotes a certain emotional notion fixed by bilingual dictionaries; 2) if lexical counterparts are absent in dictionaries at all; 3) if not only dictionary counterparts are absent but also an emotional notion itself is irrelevant (not typical) for the target linguoculture.

Purpose: The purpose of the study is (1) to reveal translation mistakes while rendering the name of the notion «Torschlusspanik» specific to the German linguoculture into English and (2) to develop a method that enables to avoid such mistakes. This method intends to use the data of language corpora (frequency, co-occurrents, and concordances).

Results: With the help of the method it was defined that the emotional notion «Torschlusspanik» should be rendered or described not by the lexeme fear, as it can be observed nowadays in most cases, but by anxiety since the latter can give the representatives of the English-speaking linguocultures the most adequate idea about panic, disturbing and metaphysical kind of fear represented by the compound noun Torschlusspanik.

Discussion: The most commonly used translation decision as to the German compound noun Torschlusspanik while rendered by the lexeme fear into English is somewhat irrelevant since Torschlusspanik in German is a kind of the particular fear represented by the word Angst. A deeper study of the nature of the emotional notions denoted in German by lexemes Angst, Furcht, Befürch­tung and Panik, and in English by angst, fear, anxiety and panic is the basis that makes it possible to determine such pairs of partial equivalents as (full equivalence is not worth speaking about): Furchtfear; Befürchtungfear; Panikpanic; Angstangst / anxiety.

Keywords: translation, translation mistake, emotion, emotional notion, corpus-based method­ology.

Vitae

Kostiantyn Mizin is Doctor of Philology, Professor, Head of Department of Foreign Philology, Translation and Teaching Methodology, SHEI “Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi Hryhorii Skovoroda State Pedagogical University”. His areas of research interests include contrastive linguoculturology, phra­seology, contrastive conceptology, cognitive linguistics, contrastive linguistics.

Correspondence: kmizin@i.ua


Article.

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