Locative Reference Point As A Marker Of Spatial Conceptualization

© The Editorial Council and Editorial Board of Linguistic Studies

Linguistic Studies
Volume 41, 2021, pp. 
105-113

Locative Reference Point As A Marker Of Spatial Conceptualization

Stepanenko Mykola

Article first published online: May 01, 2021 


Additional information

 Author Information: 

Stepanenko Mykola, Doctor of Philological Sciences, Full Professor of Department of Ukraini¬an Language of Poltava V. G. Korolenko National Pedagogical University.  His areas of research interests semantic syntax, functional linguistics, cognitive linguistics, modern Ukrainian political discourse, language of Internet communications. Correspondencemyk_ivan@ukr.net

Citation: 
Stepanenko, M. Locative Reference Point As A Marker Of Spatial Conceptualization [Text] // Linhvistychni Studiyi / Linguistic Studies : collection of scientific papers / Vasyl' Stus Donetsk National University; Ed. by Anatoliy Zahnitko. Vinnytsia : Vasyl' Stus DonNU, 2021. Vol. 41. Pp. 105-113. ISBN 966-7277-88-7

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31558/1815-3070.2021.41.10

Publication History:

Volume first published online: May 01, 2021
Article received: March 20, 2021, accepted: April 03, 2021 and first published online: May 01, 2021

Annotation.

У статті схарактеризовано механізм концептуалізації локативності за участю різних мовних засобів. Розкрито, зокрема, роль просторового орієнтира, репрезентованого припре-дикатним поширювачем речень структурної моделі Sub + Praed + Adv loc із семантичним описом «носій процесуальної ознаки + процесуальна ознака + просторові межі реалізації про-цесуальної ознаки», у встановленні конкретного типу статичної, директивної або транзитивної локативності. Вирізнено такі форми ідентифікування локативного орієнтира, як симетрійність / асиметрійність, реальність / ірреальність (метонімійність), з’ясовано специфіку вербалізації їх. 

Keywords: localization mechanism, spatial (locative) reference point, static / directivity / tran­sitivity, symmetric / asymmetric spatial conceptualization, real / irreal (metonymic) spatial conceptualization.



Abstract.

LOCATIVE REFERENCE POINT AS A MARKER OF SPATIAL CONCEPTUALIZATION 

Mykola Stepanenko

Department of Ukrainian Language, Poltava V. G. Korolenko National Pedagogical University

Abstract

Background: The locativity category has philosophical and linguistic interpretations. Linguis­tics regards locativity as a category encompassing the entire spectrum of spatial meanings represented by such main variations as static, dynamics, transitivity.  The category under consideration has been reflected on the sentence level of the structural submodel Sub + Praed + Adv loc with its attached invariant semantics ‘carrier of procedural characteristic + procedural characteristic + spatial bounda­ries of procedural characteristic’. Formation of differential meanings as specific representatives of invariant content plane is done through all constituent positions – subject, predicate, and near-predi­cate. The complex locative mechanism is reflected by sentences with the following denotative situations: ‘somebody (something) is residing somewhere’, ‘something (somebody) is heading some­where with registering spatial coordinates – start, finish, both start and finish simultaneously’, ‘something (somebody) is heading somewhere without registering spatial coordinates’. Locative con­ceptualization mechanism is complex, with its important marker being a locative reference point related to the real roundabouts of somebody or something. 

Purpose: The primary aim of this study is to ascertain the role of the right-side extender (Adv loc) in the mechanism of spatial conceptualization, and to determine typology of locative reference points, and specificity of their verbalization. 

Results: the paper has identified the typology of locative reference points which, similarly to space in general, represent the world in all its diversity, appear as real objects with their correspondent parametric characteristics, or as imaginary objects with indifferent characteristics. The author has specified the following forms of locative reference point conceptualization: symmetry / asymmetry, reality / irreality (metonymy).

Discussion: there exist different criteria for locative reference point identification. The most important ones are: 1) semantic content of the near-predicate component of sentences of the structural model Sub + Praed + Adv loc and 2) mechanism of localization which is a logical operation of cor­relating the procedural characteristic bearer (a representative of Sub position) with the spatial reference point (a representative of Adv loc position).  The near-predicate position can be occupied by noun word-forms, preposition-case forms, adverbs capable of creating isofunctional relations. Each of the specified locative reference points has its own linguistic representation, which may or may not provide for lexical and semantic selectivity. The above-mentioned selectivity mainly refers to the locative symmetry. A symmetric locative reference point programs a situation in which a sub­stance at Sub position resides in its own system of locative coordinates, while an asymmetric reference point is in the situation ‘someone (something) is located somewhere’, ‘someone (some­thing) is moving somewhere’, ‘somebody (something) is coming from somewhere’. A real locative reference point is directly connected with the main characteristics of space (three-, two-dimen­sionality, homogeneity, isotropy), for an irreal spatial reference point those are indifferent. 

Keywords: localization mechanism, spatial (locative) reference point, static / directivity / tran­sitivity, symmetric / asymmetric spatial conceptualization, real / irreal (metonymic) spatial conceptualization.

Vitae

Mykola Stepanenko is Doctor of Philological Sciences, Full Professor of Department of Ukraini­an Language of Poltava V. G. Korolenko National Pedagogical University.

Range of scientific interests: semantic syntax, functional linguistics, cognitive linguistics, modern Ukrainian political discourse, language of Internet communications.

Correspondence:  myk_ivan@ukr.net


Article.

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